Agios Nikolaos Town
Agios Nikolaos is a small town with an impressive and fascinating history. It occupies the site of the ancient city of “Lato pros Kamara” which was the port of the city “Lato pros Etera”. The latter was a city which flourished during the Archaic and Classical Age as well as during the Roman era. It had its own currency and it is almost certain that the port was the centre of its commercial activity. In particular, “Lato pros Kamara” reached its peak around 800-700 B.C. when it virtually controlled the entire surrounding area. Historical testimonies reveal that the current city of Agios Nikolaos emerged following the fall of the Byzantine Empire (1204) when Crete was sold to the Venetians. However, before the definite arrival of the Venetians, Genovese pirates looted the island. In 1206, Enrico Pescatore built an imposing fortress on top of a hill overlooking the gulf. The fortress was given the name “Mirabello” (Beautiful View) because of its beautiful views over the area. Nowadays, the same name is used to describe the entire province. The fortress was subsequently destroyed by the Ottomans.